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Table 1 Characteristics of study sample

From: Suboptimal health: a new health dimension for translational medicine

Variables SHS sore ≥ 44 SHS sore < 44 χ2 P
n (%) n (%)
Gender     
Female 806 (52.10) 660 (44.84) 15.933 <0.001
Male 741 (47.90) 812 (55.16)   
Age     
20-30 years 167 (10.80) 376 (25.54) 128.978 <0.001
31-40 years 606 (39.17) 575 (39.06)   
41-50 years 559 (36.13) 380 (25.82)   
51-60 years 215 (13.90) 141 (9.58)   
Highest education level     
Compulsory school (through grade 9) 72 (4.65) 171 (11.62) 185.420 <0.001
High school graduation 213 (13.77) 432 (29.35)   
University/college degree 1262 (81.58) 869 (59.04)   
Occupation     
White-collar worker 1431 (92.50) 986 (66.98) 307.665 <0.001
Blue-collar worker 116 (7.50) 486 (33.02)   
Monthly income (RMB)     
<2000 324 (20.94) 316 (21.47) 3.852 0.146
2001-5000 1012 (65.42) 990 (67.26)   
≥5000 211 (13.64) 166 (11.28)   
Marital status     
Single or divorced 196 (12.67) 168 (11.41) 1.123 0.289
Married 1351 (87.33) 1304 (88.59)   
Current smoking     
Yes 476 (30.77) 187 (12.70) 143.638 <0.001
No 1071 (69.23) 1285 (87.30)   
Alcohol use     
Every day 72 (4.65) 54 (3.67) 2.309 0.511
3-4 × a week 351 (22.69) 348 (23.64)   
1-2 × a week 988 (63.87) 948 (64.40)   
Never 136 (8.79) 122 (8.29)   
Physical activity     
≥ 5 hours 44 (2.84) 47 (3.19) 31.772 <0.001
3-4 hours 341 (22.04) 437 (29.69)   
1-2 hours 641 (41.44) 486 (33.02)   
< 1 hours 521 (33.68) 502 (34.10)