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Fig. 3 | Clinical and Translational Medicine

Fig. 3

From: Mesenchymal stem cell–gut microbiota interaction in the repair of inflammatory bowel disease: an enhanced therapeutic effect

Fig. 3

The combined effects of FMT–MSC secretomes in attenuating IBD. Several immunomodulatory factors are found in the inflammatory environment. With the quest to attenuate IBD, the administered MSCs and FMT regulate these modulators to inhibit inflammation and restore gut function. In the event of pathogenic bacterial colonization, a number of bactericides are expressed to eradicate infection

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