Skip to main content

Table 1 Examples of cognitive interviewing according to Tourangeau and Rasinski [17]

From: Genetics in primary care: validating a tool to pre-symptomatically assess common disease risk using an Australian questionnaire on family history

Cognitive probe


Example of interview question


What does the respondent believe the question to be asking?

Can you repeat the question in your own words?


What types of information does the respondent need to recall in order to answer the question?

How did you arrive at your answer?

Decision/judgement process

Does the respondent devote sufficient mental effort to answer the question accurately and thoughtfully?

How hard was it to answer the question?

Response process

Can the respondent match his or her internally generated answer to the response categories given by the survey question?

Did you wish to give an answer different to the available answer options?