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Table 2 Barriers to recruitment and barrier-specific facilitators

From: Researchers’ perspectives on pediatric obesity research participant recruitment

Barriers Facilitators
Study logistics Provide transportation to and from clinic
Provide parking for participants
Provide compensation for self-travel
Accommodate participants outside of work and
school hours (weekends, evenings, holidays)
Family economics Provide transportation to and
from clinic
Provide parking for participants
Provide compensation for participants
Provide an incentive for participation
Family logistics Provide child-care for other children in family
Accommodate participants outside of work and school hours (weekends, evenings, holidays)
Invasive protocols Extensive risk vs. benefit discussion with participant and family
Provide an incentive relative to the degree of invasive protocol
Lack of buy-in from recruitment site Provide incentives for the recruitment site
Time restraint of clinicians Provide incentives for the clinical site
Provide personnel for a clinic specifically for research tasks
Stigma Change the discussion from obesity-related language to health-promoting language
Uninformed participants or refusing to recognize obesity Educate parents/caregivers and children about his or her own weight status
Change the discussion from obesity-related language to health-promoting language
Groupthink Buy-in from recruiters who will be presenting to the children (research personnel, school personnel, etc.)
Decreased patient motivation and/or interest Extensive risk vs. benefit discussion with participant and family
Change the discussion from obesity-related language to health-promoting language
Provide incentives for participant and caregiver